An experiment on the effects of an increase in the length of a nichrome wire on its resistance

Thus when temperature goes up, resistance goes up. Resistance of a wire relates to the amount of current able to flow. Look on the desktop for a folder labelled Experiments; inside, you should find an item called Resistance vs.

Investigate the effects of resistance on a nichrome wire

The abrasion resistance of each piece was then tested on a machine. The resistivity is directly proportional to the resistance, so the resistance should increase with the resistivity.

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Temperature- Room Temperature Width- 0. So, create a new data column for "Temperature Difference": I predict that as the wire distance increases so will the resistivity. As the temperature was increased, data from the ammeter and the voltmeter were collected at certain intervals, with the first measurement being taken at room temperature measured as 23 degrees Celsiusthe second being taken at 50 degrees Celsius, and the rest at 50 degree intervals until the temperature of degrees was reached.

Typically, though, the purpose of a resistor is not to produce usable heat, but simply to provide a precise quantity of electrical resistance. The fiberglass surrounded a glass tube. During the preliminary tests we started with supply voltage on 5volts, this caused the wire of 28swg to get very hot and curl up at very high temperatures eventually snapping the wire.

Resistance versus Temperature in a Nichrome Wire

From the slope of this line and its vertical intercept at T0, determine R T0 and the temperature coefficient of resistivity a. Real resistors look nothing like the zig-zag symbol. When the charged particles collide with ions in the conductor, the particles are scattered ; their direction of motion becomes random rather than aligned with the electric field, which constitutes thermal motion.

I think that the range of my results was sufficient enough for me to draw a valid conclusion about how the length of the wire affected the resistance. Resistance of the wire is defined as the voltage divided by the current in the wire.

Ammeters are connected in series with the wire and the Voltmeter in parallel. Hypothesis We believe that increasing the temperature of the nichrome wire will cause the measured resistance of the wire to also increase.

A linear relationship is observed between the current through and the potential difference across a conductor. The dimensions of the body and the ratio of carbon to ceramic material determine the resistance value. Resistance occurs when the electrons travelling along the wire collide with the atoms of the wire.

In addition, my prediction that doubling the length of the wire increases the resistance by a factor of two is correct see Table 4.

Dpotential difference is the measure of voltage difference between two points within a complete circuit. Resistors create electrical noise, called Johnson—Nyquist noise. Wirewound WW Wire Wound Resistors are manufactured by winding resistance wire around a non-conductive core in a spiral.

Low noise and stability with respect to temperature variations are standard characteristics of Wire Wound Resistors.Investigating the effect of length on resistance is common but some students may wish to investigate the effect of the thickness of wire. In either case, different wires should be made of the same material.

Homework Help: Resistance of a Wire experiment

Students may need to know the conversion between SWG (standard wire. Aim: the aim for this experiment is to check if the length of a wire affects its resistance. Prediction: As the length of the nichrome wire is doubled so is its resistance.

Apparatus: * 1 x Power-pack * 1 x meter rule * cello-tape * nichrome wire- cm * 2 x insulated copper wires attached to crocodile clips.

Experiment 2

Mar 26,  · Every year we do an experiment to find the resistivity of Nichrome wire, and every year the result is the same: 5 x 10^-7 instead of 1 x 10^ For the life of me I haven't been able to track down why it's a factor of 2 off. We use a Wheatstone bridge that has a 1 m length Nichrome wire stretched.

Apr 19,  · Furthermore, the resistance of a wire is directly proportional to the length and inversely proportional to the area, so doubling the length of a wire should increase the resistance by a factor of two. This is because if the length of the wire is doubled, the electrons bump into twice as many atoms, so there will be twice as much dfaduke.coms: Low noise and stability with respect to temperature variations are standard characteristics of Wire Wound Resistors.

Electricity and its Effects

Resistance values are available from up to kW, with accuracies between % and 20%. Metal Film. Nichrome or tantalum nitride are typically used for metal film resistors. (with a spiral cut in the film to increase the. Joule heating, also known as Ohmic heating and resistive heating, is the process by which the passage of an electric current through a conductor produces heat.

Joule's first law, also known as the Joule–Lenz law, states that the power of heating generated by an electrical conductor is proportional to the product of its resistance and the square of the current.

An experiment on the effects of an increase in the length of a nichrome wire on its resistance
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