BOOK 8 Still curious for knowledge, and desiring to detain his angelic guest in order to longer enjoy his company, Adam asks Raphael why all the innumerable stars of the vast cosmos were created for no reason other than to revolve around the Earth, which is a tiny, seemingly insignificant point in comparison.
God excuses their failure, telling them that they could not have prevented what happened. The significance of obedience to superiors is not just a matter of Adam and Eve and the Tree of Knowledge; it is a major subject throughout the poem.
From the very first time we meet Adam and Eve, it is stated explicitly that she is inferior and was made to be submissive: Have you ever gotten really angry or sad thinking about all of the suffering in the world, about how many people struggle just to exist? By disobeying God, Eve has gained neither equality nor freedom; she has instead lost Paradise and brought sin and death into the world.
Rather, Milton uses justify in the sense of showing the justice that underlies an action. Eve's normal attitude toward Adam reflects the same relationship. Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. Like Raphael, Milton solves the problem by expressing the infinite in terms of the tangible by portraying God as if he were an individual, when he is really something much greater.
Because of free will then, Adam and Eve disobey God and pervert the natural hierarchy. Further, he disobeys by knowingly putting Eve ahead of God.
He went back to hell to see that his followers had all become hissing snakes. Reason is to be denied and denigrated.
Seeking to understand the world is at best unprofitable and pointless and at worst a straight road to eternal torment. The layout of the universe—with Heaven above, Hell below, and Earth in the middle—presents the universe as a hierarchy based on proximity to God and his grace.
Why not just keep it as Paradise all along? In many ways, it makes God seem like a cosmic prig. God sends the Son down to Earth to judge the humans for what they have done.
He went back to hell to see that his followers had all become hissing snakes. God the Son, the second part of the Trinity, replies to this speech by the Father. We are human beings, all equal, and when we finally awake from the mythological dreams of our past, we will know and understand the much brighter light of the world as it truly is — and in that understanding lie the true keys to an earthly paradise.
To obey God is to respect this hierarchy. Through the Son, God is able to temper divine justice with mercy, grace, and salvation. Several plans are debated and rejected, but ultimately a decision is reached: Eve argues with Adam about whether they should work together or apart, and Adam gives in to her.
The crucial moment in the poem results from disobedience and a breakdown of hierarchy. This blatant sexism will recur throughout the text. What exactly does God deserve glory for, according to this theology?
As Adam says, "O goodness infinite, goodness immense! And even the ten-book structure of the edition, according to John Leonard, "might owe something to English tragedy, forming five dramatic acts of two books each" Introduction to PL xi. One can explain these problems by recalling that God does not simply want absolute obedience in his subjects, he wants the obedience of free beings.
Instead, it caused enormous, incalculable amounts of innocent suffering and death, and will result in the large majority of all humankind ending up condemned to Hell forever along with him.
At the very beginning of the poem, Milton claims that he will "assert Eternal Providence" and "justify the ways of God to men. A king was king not because he was chosen but because he was superior to his subjects. Mammon proposed peacefully improving hell so that it might equal and rival Heaven.
Milton does not use the word justification in its modern sense of proving that an action is or was proper. In other words, good will come of sin and death, and humankind will eventually be rewarded. This hierarchical arrangement by Milton is not simply happenstance.
Death demands he return to his punishment, but an unafraid Satan scorns him and demands he move aside. Satan flies over the coast of Hell and reaches its gates, which are massively fortified and soundly locked.
This is agreed, but the potential danger of the journey dismays the others, and finally he himself volunteers to go, as their leader, and departs to much praise and applause.Paradise Lost BOOK 1 John Milton ()! THE ARGUMENT This first Book proposes, first in brief, the whole Subject, Mans disobedience, and the loss thereupon of Paradise wherein he was plac't: Then touches the prime cause of his fall, the Serpent, or rather Satan in the Serpent; who revolting.
Paradise Lost is an epic poem by John Milton that was first published in A summary of Themes in John Milton's Paradise Lost.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Paradise Lost and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Nov 28, · Revising John Milton in 15 minutes (10 Most Important Facts about Paradise Lost) - Duration: dfaduke.com- UGC NET/JRF English Literature 11, views Use our free chapter-by-chapter summary and analysis of Paradise Lost.
It helps middle and high school students understand John Milton's literary masterpiece. Paradise Lost is the famous epic by 17th-century English poet John Milton.
Published inthe poem tells the story of Satan’s rebellion against God, his expulsion from Heaven along with the.Download